What Is Klonopin?
The answer to the often-asked question “What is Klonopin?” lies in a close examination of the formulation, uses and effects of the drug.
To fully understand what Klonopin is, it is important to first understand what kind of drug it is. Klonopin is the market name for clonazepam in the United States, a drug marketed by Roche. In other parts of the world, it is known by different names such as Rivotril in Australia and Canada, Ravotril and Clonex elsewhere. Klonopin is a benzodiazepine. It is also referred to as a chloro-nitrodiazepine as it is obtained from the chlorination of nitrazepam.
Klonopin acts very quickly and is a highly effective drug. It also has very low toxicity upon overdose. It is used for a wide variety of purposes, including the reversal of amphetamine disorders, as an amnesic, an anticonvulsant, an antioxylytic and as a muscle relaxant. It is also prescribed for treatment of epilepsy, panic disorders, anxiety disorders, acute mania, hyperekplexia and parasomnia. It is recommended as a first-line treatment for acute seizures due its sedative properties.
However, it is not recommended for the long-term treatment of seizures. The reason for this is that Klonopin use tends to result in dependency. If they use it for long periods, patients may develop dependency on the drug and consequent abuse and addiction. This is also why it should only be administered in controlled dosages by trained health care personnel.
To understand what Klonopin is, it is important to consider its adverse effects. The greatest of these is the high risk of addiction associated with prolonged use. Klonopin is a highly addictive drug and every person who uses this medication regularly develops some low-level dependency on the drug. They also acquire increased tolerance to the drug and hence require increasingly greater dosages to obtain the same effect.
Many people also abuse Klonopin for recreational purposes, consuming it to get ‘high’ due to its sedative and antidepressant properties. These people purchase the drug from unscrupulous street peddlers who sell it under the nickname of ‘K-pin’.
Klonopin use or abuse may result in a variety of side effects, most of which are benign and not fatal. These side effects include drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, impaired co-ordination and balance and also impaired motor functions. However, the side effects that result from abuse of Klonopin by consuming it with alcohol are much worse. Withdrawal from Klonopin may also result in dangerous effects as it causes anxiety, insomnia, panic disorders, tremors and irritability.
It may also result in protracted withdrawal, which takes a long time to go away. This is due to permanent and irreversible damage to the brain caused by abuse of Klonopin, and it can be severe or even fatal. The symptoms of protracted withdrawal are irritable bowels, insomnia, cramps, muscle pain and tension, cognitive difficulties and anxiety.
This discussion should provide a clearer understanding of Klonopin and explain why it is classified as a prescription-only drug.